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The partition of Africa into arbitrary boundaries by colonial powers were a series of catastrophes. Tribal wars were instigated by often prior coexisting peoples. This fanned the flames of sectarian conflicts that would culminate as in the Sudan and Rwanda. Partitions also caused countless forced migrations and refugee crises as peoples were displaced and genocides and pogroms were carried out. At the end the multiple partitions of Africa were the result of colonial administration & colonization, military occupations and interference into the affairs of indigent natives.

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9y ago
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12y ago

The Partition, most importantly, gave rise to the independent state of Pakistan (which then included Bangladesh as 'East Pakistan') and divided the British occupied landmass of the sub-continent. The British left and handed over control of the two states to their respective leaders (Jinnah and Nehru).

As the partition was based on an ideological principle (or so most say) there were mass migrations across the country. Pakistan became the land for the Muslims and India that of the Hindus. Consequently, those of different religions had to migrate to their respective new homes. The tragic part of all this was that the concept of partition caused immense sectarian violence. Many atrocities and massacres were committed on both sides. Trains would pull up to stations filled with dead bodies that had been ambushed en-route.

Such a movement also gave rise to anarchy in many places as there was much dakoit activity as well as looting.

Finally, after the mass exodus of people between Pakistan and India, both countries realised that the British had done an incomplete job in the partition process. These include, but are not limited to, ambiguities in border definitions, strategic placements of crucial sources of rivers through corruption and the unresolved case of the province of Kashmir. These issues still trouble both nations to this day and have been the cause of two major wars between the countries.

The question remains though, did the partition achieve it's goals of providing a safe homeland for the Muslims in Pakistan and the Hindus in India? Today, there are more Muslims living in India than there are in Pakistan. Most live in menial conditions and occupy the lower strata of Indian society. Having said that, in Pakistan, the concept of a Muslim nation state has made it a sadly intolerant to minorities.

Whether or not the partition was the right thing to do is debateable. There are those who think that much bloodshed could have been avoided, however, there are also those who feel that Muslims and Hindus could not properly function equally in a mixed society.

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8y ago

some of the major effect of partition were hate toward each other. Hinduism also became violent against Islam.

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Q: What were the effects of the partition of Africa?
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