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Q: When were anti discrimination laws introduced into Australia?
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Is Australia still tied to Britain's legal and political systems?

Yes and no.The last real legal and/or political tie to Britain was severed on 3 March 1986, when the Australia Acts came into effect. The Australia Acts declared that Australia had the status of a Sovereign, Independent and Federal Nation.The nation still retains Elizabeth II as head of state, but her position as Australia's head of state is a completely separate position from her position as the head of state of any other country, including the UK. What the Australia Act effectively did was remove the ability of the British Government to make laws for Australia and removed the last legal link with the UK by abolishing the right of appeal to the judicial committee of the Privy Council.Some might say Australia is still on a path to independence as we are still technically ruled by the British monarchy, even though that monarchy does not have any right to interfere with Australian laws. Currently, Australia chooses to remain in the Commonwealth. It has not yet elected to go down the path of republicanism.


Did sumeria have laws?

Yes, they were the first country to have laws.


Why was the white Australia policy abolished?

The white Australia policy originally developed during the 1800s because many Australians came from English stock and as a result felt that they were superior. They didn't even officially recognise the existence of aboriginals. They felt that by allowing other races into the country that their position would be swamped by ensuring cheap labour market and that they would become an unemployed minority in their own country. Some Australians wanted a "White Australia" policy and they believed Federation would enable the development and maintenance of a "White Australia", by toughening immigration laws. There was lingering resentment over the Chinese who had come during the gold rush, made their fortune (as they were far more industrious than Australians) and then returned to their own country, taking their fortune with them. Some stayed and set up businesses in towns, but they were always looked down upon. It was hoped by some (not all) that a White Australia policy would ensure employment for Australians. Some colonies were opposed to this policy as they used foreign labour, which was often much cheaper than local labour. An example of this is Queensland, which employed Kanakas (people from the Cook Islands). Under the new constitution, not only the Kanakas, but also the much-feared Chinese, who came to Australia during the gold rush, would not be allowed into Australia. Thus Federation would eliminate unwanted foreigners, providing more employment for Australians.


Why is Federation good for Australia?

There are many reasons why Federation was good for Australia:Trade: There were steep tariffs imposed on the transport of goods across the borders of the states. Federation removed these tariffs and allow for free trade between the states.Unions and labour laws: It was hoped that labour laws would be standardised across the states with Federation. The great Shearers' Strike of the 1890s had resulted in the formation of workers' unions, and the newly-formed Australian Labor Party saw that unification would allow this standardisation.Transport: There was no standard railway gauge across the country and railway lines changed at the colonial borders. It was believed Federation would see the introduction of uniform railway gauges across the states, but in reality this did not occur for another eighty years or so.Some Australians wanted a "White Australia" policy. They believed Federation would enable the development and maintenance of a "White Australia", by toughening immigration laws. There was lingering resentment over the Chinese who had come during the gold rush, made their fortune (as they were far more industrious than Australians) and then returned to their own country, taking their fortune with them. Some stayed and set up businesses in towns, but they were always looked down upon. It was hoped by some (not all) that a White Australia policy would ensure employment for Australians. Some colonies were opposed to this policy as they used foreign labour, which was often much cheaper than local labour. An example of this is Queensland, which employed Kanakas (people from the Cook Islands). Under the new constitution, not only the Kanakas, but also the much-feared Chinese, who came to Australia during the gold rush, would not be allowed into Australia. Thus Federation would eliminate unwanted foreigners, providing more employment for Australians.Independence from England: Federation was but a small step in the overall independence of Australia, allowing it to move away from the influence of Mother England and become a self-governing nation in its own right. Again, this was a process which took many decades, but Federation certainly enabled that first step.Other important laws were to be made uniform, such as taxes and banking. This was particularly important in the light of the recent (1892) depression, which was a time of economic instability. Many saw that Federation, in bringing unity, could only bring more stability to the country.Defence: Each of the states had its own defence force. Each individual state's defence force was not strong enough to protect Australia's vast coastline from attack. There were distinct advantages in uniting the defence under one command, an important consideration as the German and French presence in the Pacific increased.Laws: Laws could be enforced better if accused people could not escape to a neighbouring colony.Sporting teams were representing "Australia", not individual states.


Was Australian federation a good idea?

Yes: Federation of the states in Australia was a good idea for several reasons.Trade: There were steep tariffs imposed on the transport of goods across the borders of the states. Federation removed these tariffs and allowed for free trade between the states.Unions and labour laws: It was hoped that labour laws would be standardised across the states with Federation. The great Shearers' Strike of the 1890s had resulted in the formation of workers' unions, and the newly-formed Australian Labor Party saw that unification would allow this standardisation.Some Australians wanted a "White Australia" policy. They believed Federation would enable the development and maintenance of a "White Australia", by toughening immigration laws. There was lingering resentment over the Chinese who had come during the gold rush, made their fortune (as they were far more industrious than Australians) and then returned to their own country, taking their fortune with them. Some stayed and set up businesses in towns, but they were always looked down upon. It was hoped by some (not all) that a White Australia policy would ensure employment for Australians. Some colonies were opposed to this policy as they used foreign labour, which was often much cheaper than local labour. An example of this is Queensland, which employed Kanakas (people from the Cook Islands). Under the new constitution, not only the Kanakas, but also the much-feared Chinese, who came to Australia during the gold rush, would not be allowed into Australia. Thus Federation would eliminate unwanted foreigners, providing more employment for Australians.Independence from England: Federation was but a small step in the overall independence of Australia, allowing it to move away from the influence of Mother England and become a self-governing nation in its own right. Again, this was a process which took many decades, but Federation certainly enabled that first step.Other important laws were expected to be made uniform, such as taxes and banking. This was particularly important in the light of the recent (1892) depression, which was a time of economic instability. Many saw that Federation, in bringing unity, could only bring more stability to the country.Defence: Each of the states had its own defence force. Each individual state's defence force was not strong enough to protect Australia's vast coastline from attack. There were distinct advantages in uniting the defence under one command, an important consideration as the German and French presence in the Pacific increased.Laws: Laws could be enforced better if accused people could not escape to a neighbouring colony.As a result of the goldrushes, Australia was wealthy enough to govern independently of England.Patriotism was becoming stronger, with the rise of Australian talents like 'Banjo' Paterson advocating the idea of freedom, the bush life and tossing off authority.Sporting teams were representing "Australia", not individual states.Under a federated Australia, the country had a single economy big enough and robust enough to give confidence to those who want to trade in it.

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What is a characteristic protected by anti-discrimination laws?

Characteristics protected by anti-discrimination laws include race, gender, age, sexual orientation, disability, religion, and national origin. These laws aim to prevent discrimination based on these traits in various aspects of life such as employment, housing, and public accommodations.


Can you sue McDonald's for anti-gay discrimination?

Possibly, but it depends on the laws of the state.


What federal program gives preferences to minorities or women?

Anti discrimination laws.


What are brazils laws about being bisexual?

In Brazil thinks that bisexuals are a good thing. Brazil has Anti-discrimination laws.


Are there any racist lawsin Australia?

No, Australia has laws which make any form of racial discrimination illegal


When were the Nuremberg laws introduced?

The Nuremberg Laws were introduced by the Nazi Party in Germany on September 15, 1935. These laws aimed to institutionalize racial discrimination and persecution against Jews in Nazi Germany.


Laws against anti-semitism in workplace?

(in the US) The same federal laws that protect any other person against discrimination.


What are the laws on pedophilia in the UK?

There are no laws in the UK about homosexuality other than a ban on same-sex marriage in Northern Ireland, and various anti-discrimination laws.There are no laws in the UK about homosexuality other than a ban on same-sex marriage in Northern Ireland, and various anti-discrimination laws.


What percent of car accidents are caused by illegal immigrants?

Current interpretation of anti-discrimination laws hinder compilation of such statistics.


What are the answers to the air force no fear act training?

To make these anti-discrimination/harassment laws and policies effective, personnel:


Can you have offer of employment taken back based on being sexual oriented offender?

At the federal level- yes, there are no anti-discrimination laws based on previous criminal history. At the state level- depends on your state but most states' antri-discrimination laws mirror the federal laws.


What is the green party's opinion on status of gay people?

The Greens in Australia support gay marriage and want no exceptions (religious schools!) to the anti-discrimination laws.