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Who was Lachlan Macquarie?

Updated: 4/28/2022
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Lachlan Macquarie was Governor of the New South Wales colony in Australia from 1810 to 1821. He helped to develop the New South Wales colony from from penal colony to free settlement. He was the one to introduce the first building code into the colony; requirements of the building code included that all buildings must be constructed of timber or brick; they must have a shingle tile roof; and they must have a proper chimney, to minimise fire risk. He also ordered that roads, bridges, wharves, churches and public buildings be constructed. After Macquarie inspected Hobart Town in Van Diemen's Land, now Tasmania, he ordered a proper survey of a regular street layout, and this layout still forms the current centre of the city of Hobart.

Macquarie promoted exploration in order to facilitate the spread of settlement. In 1813 he sponsored Blaxland, Wentworth and Lawson on their journey across the Blue Mountains, where they found the grazing plains of the interior. Following their discovery, Macquarie ordered the establishment of Bathurst, Australia's first inland city. He appointed John Oxley as surveyor-general and sent him on expeditions up the coast of New South Wales and inland to find new rivers and new lands for settlement. The Lachlan and Macquarie Rivers in NSW are named after him.

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What was the christian name of Governor Macquarie?

Lachlan was Governor Macquarie's Christian name.


What did john oxley achieve?

HE followed the lachlan river


Why did the Europeans need to cross the Blue Mountains?

When the First Fleet arrived in New South Wales in 1788, all efforts concentrated on developing farmland and a food supply to support the convict colony. Free settlers also began to arrive, lured by the promise of a better life in the new, young country. This placed considerable strain on New South Wales's resources, and farmers saw the need for expansion beyond the Blue Mountains, which had provided an impassable barrier to the west. The expedition to cross the Blue Mountains grew out of this need. Gregory Blaxland was a wealthy grazier who had come to Australia in 1806. He stood to gain much by finding a route to new grasslands for his stock. Blaxland approached Governor Macquarie about funding an expedition to cross the Blue Mountains. Though Macquarie found Blaxland to be troublesome and discontented, and felt he should be growing grain to feed the colony rather than the lazy option of grazing cattle. Nonetheless, Macquarie granted approval for the expedition.


What were Charles Sturt's achievements?

Captain Charles Sturt made a number of notable achievements. Drawing on the skills of experienced bushman and explorer Hamilton Hume, Sturt departed in late 1828 to trace the Macquarie River in NSW. Following the Macquarie inland, they came to a smaller river which, due to the drought, was merely a series of waterholes. This was the Bogan, which Sturt followed downstream until he arrived at what he described as "a noble river", on 2 February 1829. This was the Darling, which Sturt named after Governor Darling. Governor Darling then sent Sturt to trace the course of the Murrumbidgee River, and to see whether it joined to the Darling. Late in 1829 Sturt and his party followed the river in a whaleboat and discovered that the Murrumbidgee River flowed into the Murray (previously named the Hume), and that the Darling also flowed into the Murray. Sturt continued to trace the course of the Murray southwards. On 9 February 1830, the whaleboat sailed into Lake Alexandrina, from which he could see the open sea of the southern coast. Sturt's account of his journey was significant in the decision by Edward Gibbon Wakefield to choose South Australia for the new settlement being contemplated. Sturt's discoveries were significant, for they allowed for the development of paddle-steamer transportation of goods and passengers along Australia's inland waterways. Sturt was also keen to determine for once and for all whether or not there was an inland sea in the Australian continent. In 1844 he travelled through northwest New South Wales into central Australia where he discovered the Simpson Desert (but did not name it).


Why is Mary Reibey Famous?

Despite being sent to Australia as a 13 year old, convict of horse-stealing, Mary Reibey accomplished a great deal and achieved considerable wealth as a successful businesswoman. She partnered her husband in his trading business, showing herself to have an astute and shrewd business mind. Later, when he and his business partner died, she took over the business completely, despite having seven children to look after. After a brief sojourn in England, she returned to Sydney, investing extensively in property, and was responsible for the construction of numerous buildings in Macquarie Place, near the King's Wharf, and in the centre of George Street. Reibey was also keenly involved in charity work, particularly with regard to church and education. In 1825 she was given te appointment as one of the governors of the Free Grammar School in Sydney. In modern times, her work is commemorated through her portrait being on the Australian $20 note

Related questions

What type of person was Lachlan Macquarie when he was governor?

What type of person was lachlan macquarie


When did Lachlan Macquarie sail to India?

Lachlan Macquarie sailed to India on 25 April 1805.


Where and when was Lachlan Macquarie born?

Lachlan Macquarie was born on 31 January 1762 on the Isle of Mull in the Hebrides islands of Scotland.


How old was Lachlan Macquarie?

Lachlan Macquarie was born on 31 January 1762 and died in 1824.


What was the christian name of Governor Macquarie?

Lachlan was Governor Macquarie's Christian name.


Did lachlan macquarie die famous?

yep


What was the first or given name of governor macquarie?

Governor Macquarie's first name was Lachlan.


What has the author Lachlan Macquarie written?

Lachlan Macquarie has written: 'Manuscripts in the Mitchell Library' -- subject- s -: Archives, Australian Manuscripts, Governors, Manuscripts, Australian


Where did Governor Lachlan Macquarie live in Australia?

Governor Macquarie lived in Government House in Sydney.


What is governor macquaries full name?

Lachlan Macquarie


Which bank did Lachlan Macquarie begin?

Governor Lachlan Macquarie founded the Bank of New South Wales as the first bank in Australia, establishing it in Sydney on 8 April 1817.


What is named after Lachlan Macquarie?

There are numerous places named after Lachlan Macquarie, an early governor of New South Wales.Port MacquarieMacquarie RiverLachlan RiverLake MacquarieMacquarie IslandMount MacquarieMacquarie PassMany more places named after Governor Lachlan Macquarie can be found by clicking on the related link below, and scrolling to the bottom of the page.