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Stephen of Blois became King of England in 1135. He was the nephew of Henry I. Beauclerc (who was the youngest son of William I. the Conqueror) and the son of William II. Rufus (who was the elder brother of Henry I.). Stephen struggled with Henry's daughter Mathilda - she had been the wife of Heinrich V. of Germany in her childless first marriage of 1114-1125 - for decades about the sovereignty until he declared in 1153 her son Henry II. Curtmantle from her second marriage of 1127 with Geoffroy Plantagenet d' Anjou to be his successor to the throne.

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Q: Who was Stephen and who was Matilda?
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Which English Queen reigned during the Middle Ages?

Queen Matilda In English History, the term "Middle Ages" is taken to mean the period between the Norman Conquest in 1066 and the end of The Wars of the Roses in 1485. It is also known as the Medieval Age. Mediaval is just a fancy word derived from Latin words meaning "middle" and "age." In 1100, Henry, the fourth son of William the Conqueror became King of England as Henry I. His son, William Adelin should have inherited the crown but he died in 1120, leaving only Henry's daughter, Matilda as his heir. Matilda was born in 1102 and on 11th January 1114, had married the Holy Roman Emperor, Henry V, hence she was also known as Empress Maud. Her husband died in 1125, leaving her a widow and she married Geoffrey, Count of Anjou on 17th June 1128. While her father was still alive the English Barons and other nobility had sworn an oath to support her as Queen, if her father had no other sons, but when her father died on 1st December 1135, her cousin, Stephen of Blois claimed the throne with the support of many of the Barons. This led to a long Civil War in England known as "The Anarchy" during which Stephen actually ruled over England. The situation was resolved when it was agreed that Matilda's son by Geoffrey of Anjou would become King when Stephen died. Her son became King on 25th October 1154, as King Henry II and he was the first King from the House of Plantagenet.


Who sang 'Waltzing Matilda' at the closing ceremony of the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney?

Slim Dusty.


What year did king Stephen die?

Stephen king is not dead yet. He has a new book coming out next month.


When did Order of Saint Stephen happen?

Order of Saint Stephen happened on 1561-03-15.


Who was king in 1118?

Stephen I of England was king

Related questions

How long was the civil war Between Matilda and Stephen?

19 Years


How did civil war start in England during King Stephen's reign?

It was a fight for the throne between Stephen of Blois and Matilda.


Matilda queen of England?

Matilda was the daughter of King Henry I. When King Henry I died, Matilda was his only surviving heir (his other children had died earlier on). Matilda was supposed to be the Queen of England but refused to be crowned because she thought it would lower her dignity as all the previous Queens had only been named Queen because they were married to a king. She said that she was to be called 'the lady of the english'. Matilda ruled England for a few months until her cousin Stephen Blois took the throne from her and was named King Stephen of England.


When was Matilda crowned the first queen of England?

Matilda was the daughter of King Henry I. When King Henry I died, Matilda was his only surviving heir (his other children had died earlier on). Matilda was supposed to be the Queen of England but refused to be crowned because she thought it would lower her dignity as all the previous Queens had only been named Queen because they were married to a king. She said that she was to be called 'the lady of the english'. Matilda ruled England for a few months until her cousin Stephen Blois took the throne from her and was named King Stephen of England.Therefor the answer to this question is that Matilda was never crowned the first queen of England.


Did England have a queen who ruled during the middle ages?

Queen Matilda, also called Empress Matilda, ruled England briefly as sole monarch, and spent years in civil war with her cousin Stephen, who claimed the throne and was crowned before she could be formally crowned herself. Ultimately, Stephen's son and heir died, and he took Matilda's son Henry has his heir as part of ending the war. There is a link below.


How did rich medieval women treat others?

There was a lot of variation in how rich medieval women treated others. One example was Queen Matilda of England. Her father, King Henry I, had got agreement from the members of the nobility that she would be his heir and rule after he died. Nevertheless, when the time came, her cousin, Stephen of Blois, claimed the throne. She went to England, and a lot of people supported her, including the people of London. She treated them so badly, however, that they threw their support to Stephen. During the war, Stephen's only son died, and the war ended when Stephen and Matilda agreed that Matilda's son, Henry, should be Stephen's heir. Nevertheless, the common people of England never had a good opinion of Matilda. At the other end of the spectrum, we can see the example of St. Margaret, Queen of Scotland, who was the wife of King Malcolm III. It is reported that she always attended the poor and ill, giving them food, before she would eat.


Who is Stephen Langston?

Stephen Langston was king of Norman ruled England following the death of King Henry I. He was an usurper king, esentially stealing the crown from Queen Matilda, the daughter of Henry. He is unique in that the "common" people of England proclaimed him king over the hated Godfrey, husband of Matilda and Matilda herself, being a woman and seen as unfit to rule (though her father intended her to rule). Stephen however was an incompetent ruler and soon there was civil war. Eventually, Matilda's teenage son arrived in England with an army to reclaim his kingdom, a deal was struck and Stephen, having no heir, agreed to remain king for the rest of his life (about a year) with Matilda's son as successor, taking the name Henry II. Henry II was probably the best ruler of all of the Angevin kings but is best known as the father of Richard the Lionhearted and the rotten King John. It is rumored that Henry II was actually Stephen Langston's son (due to a rumored tryst with Matilda years earlier) but this is impossible to prove.The Man referred to in the answer above was Stephen of Blois. I am unaware of him ever being called Stephen Langston. It is possible that the person who asked this question was inquiring about Stephen Langton (no s)(1150-1228) who was the Archbishop of Canterbury in England during the reigns of King John and King Henry III. Stephen was a very strong leader and was a key player in the conflicts between King John and Pope Innocent III, sometimes supporting the Pope against John and sometimes John against the Pope but ALWAYS regarding the welfare of the people and Kingdom of England as his first priority.


Was Jane Grey the first female English monarch?

No. Matilda (Maud) was the first female English monarch. Matilda was the rightful queen but was pregnant in France when her father Henry I died and her cousin Stephen seized the throne. She temporarily regained it in 1141 but was forced into exile by the London mob.


Who played in Matilda?

it was Mara Wilson who played Matilda in the movie Matilda.


What is the birth name of Matilda Ziegler?

Matilda Szydagis's birth name is Matilda Michele Szydagis.


How do you spell Matilda?

Simply Matilda


What were the 10 kings or queens after William the conqurer?

William II Rufus Henry I Stephen I Matilda I Henry II Richard I John Henry III Edward I Edward II