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The term federalism is also used to describe a system of the government in which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central governing authority and constituent political units (like states or provinces). Federalism is the system in which the power to govern is shared between the national & state governments, creating what is often called a federation.

In the United States, federalism is the system of government in which power is divided between a central government and the government of each state. Before the U.S. Constitution was written, each American state was essentially sovereign. The U.S. Constitution created a federal government with sufficient powers to both represent and unite the states, but did not supplant state governments. This federal arrangement, by which the central federal government exercises delegated power over some issues and the state governments exercise power over other issues, is one of the basic characteristics of the U.S. Constitution that checks governmental power.

In India its the same mechanism where there is a division of power between the central and the state governments.Each has certain powers so as to govern the people...As far as differences are concerned, in U.S. the president takes over the charge of the government whereas in India its the prime minister,and the president is only a nominal head having limited but exclusive powers...I hope this answers your question..

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Q: What are the features of federalism - similarities and differences in INDIA and US?
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What is the similarities differences between UK and Indian?

Similarities: Both the UK and India were former British colonies, have parliamentary systems of government, and share a common language in English. Differences: The UK is a developed country with a higher standard of living compared to India, which is a developing nation. The UK has a constitutional monarchy, while India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic. Cultural differences, economic disparities, and historical backgrounds also distinguish the two countries.


Why India has adopted federalism?

India has a much better federalism than USA though both are getting the benefits of federalism and no one is bereft of it. Still India has a much better System of federalism than USA in the following senses---> 1. USA has Coming together Federalism which is not as strong as Holding together Federalism which is accepted by India. 2. Any State from USA can withdraw itself from the Union easily which is not so in India 's Holding Together Federalism. 3. In USA it is not necessary that the states have to abide by the rules and laws of the centre while it is not so in India. Here All States need to be aligned with Central Guidelines.


How successful has federalism been in India and U.S.A?

India has a much better federalism than USA though both are getting the benefits of federalism and no one is bereft of it. Still India has a much better System of federalism than USA in the following senses--->1. USA has Coming together Federalism which is not as strong as Holding together Federalism which is accepted by India. 2. Any State from USA can withdraw itself from the Union easily which is not so in India 's Holding Together Federalism. 3. In USA it is not necessary that the states have to abide by the rules and laws of the cent re while it is not so in India. Here All States need to be aligned with Central Guidelines.


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How working of federalism is there in theory and practice in INDIA and US?

In theory, federalism in both India and the US divides power between the national government and constituent states. The extent of this division, however, varies in practice. In India, federalism is characterized by a more centralized system with stronger powers vested in the national government, while in the US, federalism is more balanced with significant autonomy given to individual states. Over the years, both countries have experienced debates and challenges related to the distribution of power between the central and state governments.


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