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This is a confusing question. First please remember that Rome was already an empire under the republic. What is erroneously called the "Roman Empire" is the Principate. The government of the republic was by popular election while the government of the principate was by appointment. Both forms of government used the senate as a consulting body.

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12y ago
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14y ago

In short - the Roman Empire The main reason is due to the military reforms of Gaius Marius, which made the Roman legions a professional standing army. The legionary became a dedicated heavy infantryman and legions as a whole were much more standardized and better equipped Although service in the imperial legions was usually voluntary, the incentives to join the military were much greater than in the age of the Republic (which was almost always conscription based) which allowed for the steady pool of Roman manpower in addition to evermore present use of auxiliaries Having permanent professional armies also made for greater numbers of seasoned veterans. From a numerical standpoint - During the Republic, only a few legions (5 or so) were on hand at any given time for national defense. More legions were only levied in times war. The most legions Rome ever had was during the height of the Civil War, which was about 29 legions. After the Marian reforms the number was dropped to either 24 or 25 at any given time during the height of the Roman Empire. Imperial legions also had about 1000 more soldiers than Republican legions when fully reinforced (not including auxiliaries The Republic did, however, posses the largest Roman Navy but I wouldn't weigh it too much in this answer simply because the navy never made much of a significant military impact after the Punic Wars besides ferrying troops now and then.

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11y ago

They are two different things. A republic is a form of government while an empire is a political structure. In a republic officials are elected by the voters to rule for them. An empire is a large holding ruled by one central authority. In the case of Rome, it was an empire under the republic and also under the principate as all its provinces were ruled from Rome under Roman law. In other words, Rome was an empire under two forms of government, the republic and the principate.

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11y ago

Your question is impossible to answer because you are trying to compare two different things. A republic is a form of government; an empire is a holding of some type. The two are different. Besides, Rome was an empire while it was being governed as a republic. It continued as an empire after the republic fell and it was governed as a principate.

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12y ago

The Roman empire lasted longer than the Roman Republic.

The Roman empire lasted longer than the Roman republic.

The Roman empire lasted longer than the Roman republic.

The Roman empire lasted longer than the Roman republic.

The Roman empire lasted longer than the Roman republic.

The Roman empire lasted longer than the Roman republic.

The Roman empire lasted longer than the Roman republic.

The Roman empire lasted longer than the Roman republic.

The Roman empire lasted longer than the Roman republic.

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12y ago

they are different things

the republic ran the roman empire

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13y ago

It would make no difference. Rome was an empire during the Republic. As soon as Rome began expanding its territory, it became an empire.

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12y ago

The Roman empire lasted longer than the Roman republic.

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14y ago

Both, first a republic, then an empire.

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Q: What is the differences between the Roman republic and the Roman empire?
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What is the difference between the Roman republic and the Roman Emperor?

The Roman republic was a form of government and the Roman emperor was a man. If you mean the difference between the Roman republic and the Roman empire, there was no difference except in the form of government. Rome was already an empire under the republican form of government. When a single person took over leadership of that government, it became the principate or what is erroneously called the "empire". In both types of government, vast amounts of territory were ruled by a single authority, the senate under the republic and the "emperor" under the principate. Both the republic and the principate met the criteria for an empire.The Roman republic was a form of government and the Roman emperor was a man. If you mean the difference between the Roman republic and the Roman empire, there was no difference except in the form of government. Rome was already an empire under the republican form of government. When a single person took over leadership of that government, it became the principate or what is erroneously called the "empire". In both types of government, vast amounts of territory were ruled by a single authority, the senate under the republic and the "emperor" under the principate. Both the republic and the principate met the criteria for an empire.The Roman republic was a form of government and the Roman emperor was a man. If you mean the difference between the Roman republic and the Roman empire, there was no difference except in the form of government. Rome was already an empire under the republican form of government. When a single person took over leadership of that government, it became the principate or what is erroneously called the "empire". In both types of government, vast amounts of territory were ruled by a single authority, the senate under the republic and the "emperor" under the principate. Both the republic and the principate met the criteria for an empire.The Roman republic was a form of government and the Roman emperor was a man. If you mean the difference between the Roman republic and the Roman empire, there was no difference except in the form of government. Rome was already an empire under the republican form of government. When a single person took over leadership of that government, it became the principate or what is erroneously called the "empire". In both types of government, vast amounts of territory were ruled by a single authority, the senate under the republic and the "emperor" under the principate. Both the republic and the principate met the criteria for an empire.The Roman republic was a form of government and the Roman emperor was a man. If you mean the difference between the Roman republic and the Roman empire, there was no difference except in the form of government. Rome was already an empire under the republican form of government. When a single person took over leadership of that government, it became the principate or what is erroneously called the "empire". In both types of government, vast amounts of territory were ruled by a single authority, the senate under the republic and the "emperor" under the principate. Both the republic and the principate met the criteria for an empire.The Roman republic was a form of government and the Roman emperor was a man. If you mean the difference between the Roman republic and the Roman empire, there was no difference except in the form of government. Rome was already an empire under the republican form of government. When a single person took over leadership of that government, it became the principate or what is erroneously called the "empire". In both types of government, vast amounts of territory were ruled by a single authority, the senate under the republic and the "emperor" under the principate. Both the republic and the principate met the criteria for an empire.The Roman republic was a form of government and the Roman emperor was a man. If you mean the difference between the Roman republic and the Roman empire, there was no difference except in the form of government. Rome was already an empire under the republican form of government. When a single person took over leadership of that government, it became the principate or what is erroneously called the "empire". In both types of government, vast amounts of territory were ruled by a single authority, the senate under the republic and the "emperor" under the principate. Both the republic and the principate met the criteria for an empire.The Roman republic was a form of government and the Roman emperor was a man. If you mean the difference between the Roman republic and the Roman empire, there was no difference except in the form of government. Rome was already an empire under the republican form of government. When a single person took over leadership of that government, it became the principate or what is erroneously called the "empire". In both types of government, vast amounts of territory were ruled by a single authority, the senate under the republic and the "emperor" under the principate. Both the republic and the principate met the criteria for an empire.The Roman republic was a form of government and the Roman emperor was a man. If you mean the difference between the Roman republic and the Roman empire, there was no difference except in the form of government. Rome was already an empire under the republican form of government. When a single person took over leadership of that government, it became the principate or what is erroneously called the "empire". In both types of government, vast amounts of territory were ruled by a single authority, the senate under the republic and the "emperor" under the principate. Both the republic and the principate met the criteria for an empire.


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