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Roland was a military leader during the time of Charlemagne. His position was to oversee the border with Brittany. But he was involved in the action in the Pyrenees, when Charlemagne was securing the border with Spain. A part of the Frankish army was ambushed by Basques high in the mountains, the Frankish soldiers were killed, and a baggage train was taken. Roland died in this action.

The story of Roland became important with the passing of time, and the Song of Roland was composed to tell the story in the 11th century. It attained a literary importance similar to that of stories of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table.

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Q: Who is Roland of the Middle Ages?
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