Who was titu mir?

Updated: 4/28/2022
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Syed Mir Nisar Ali commonly known as Titu Mir was a great Bengali freedom fighter and a peasant leader who resisted the oppression of the local zamindars and European indigo planters on the peasantry with ultimate object of liberating the country from British domination. He led the Muslim religious reform movement Tariqah-i-Muhammadiya in Bengal.

Titu Mir belonged to a Muslim aristocratic family. His predecessor Syed Shahadat Ali came to Bengal from Arabia to preach Islam. Syed Abdullah, son of Shahadat Ali, was appointed Chief Qazi of Jafarpur by the emperor of Delhi and was invested with the title of Meer Insaaf. Henceforth the descendants of Shahadat Ali used both the hereditary titles 'Syed' and 'Mir'. Titu Mir was well-versed in Islamic education and had memorized the holy Quran at an early age. He acquired his early education from village maktab and then admitted to local madrassah. He had command over three languages -- Bangla, Arabic and Persian and developed keen interest in Arabic and Persian literature. He became an expert of Islamic theology, jurisprudence, philosophy, tasawwaf (Islamic mysticism) and mantiq. He was also an expert gymnast and a renowned pahlwan (wrestler) of his madrassah.

In 1822 Titu Mir went on a pilgrimage to Makka where he came in close contact with the great Islamic reformer and revolutionary leader Syed Ahmad of Bareilly who inspired him to free his fellow countrymen from unislamic practices and foreign domination. In 1827 Titu Mir returned to Bengal and preached pure Islam amongst the Muslims and advised them to refrain from practicing shirk and bidaat. He had great influence on weavers and peasants but came in conflict with oppressing zamindars such as Krishnadeva Rai of Purha Kaliprasanna Mukhopadhyay of Gobardanga, Rajnarayan of Taragonia, Gauri Prasad Chowdhury of Nagpur and Devanath Rai of Gobra-govindpur. To overcome the force of the land lords Titu Mir organized a Mujahid force and trained indigenous people with lathi. With an army of five thousand men, he had built a bamboo fort at Narkelbaria in October 1831. He proclaimed himself the king and instigated the people for jihad He soon established his control over the districts of 24 Parganas, Nadia and Faridpur. Titu Mir demanded tax from the zamindars of Taki and Gobardanga who entreated the English for protection. An English contingent was sent from Calcutta. But the combined forces of the English and Zamindars met humiliating defeat at the hands of the mujahids. Subsequently Lord William Bentinck sent a regular army against Titu Mir under Lieutenant Colonel Stewart consisting of 100 cavalry, 300 native infantry and artillery with two cannons.

The English attacked the mujahids on 14 November 1831. The mujahids failed to resist the English army outfitted with modern arms and took shelter inside the bamboo fort. The English opened fire and totally destroyed the fort causing heavy casualties on the side of the mujahids. Titu Mir along with many of his followers died on 19 November 1831. 350 mujahids including their commander Ghulam Masum were captured. Ghulam Masum was sentenced to death penalty and other 140 captives were punished on different charges.

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This equals the record set at Braemar, Aberdeenshire in 1895 and 1982.• The Republic of Texas group claims to have formed a provisional government in Texas.• December 31 - The final original Calvin and Hobbes comic strip is published.Births• January 4 - María Isabel, Spanish singer• January 5 - Jordan Orr, American actor• January 12 - Laurel McGoff, American singer and actress• January 13 - Qaasim Middleton, American actor• February 8 - Jordan Todosey, Canadian actress• March 27 - Taylor Atelian, American actress• March 29 - Marc Musso, American actor• April 6 - Ryutaro Morimoto, Japanese singer• May 12 - Luke Benward, American actor and singer• May 12 - Sullivan and Sawyer Sweeten, American actors• May 15 - Ksenia Sitnik, Belarusian singer• May 24 - Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein• May 31 - Alissa Musto, American singer and pianist• July 3 - Alex Steele, Canadian actress• July 7 - Chloe Greenfield, American actress• July 9 - Georgie Henley, English actress• August 8 - Malin Reitan, Norwegian singer• August 18 - Parker McKenna Posey, American actress• August 23 - Eliza Pineda, Filipina actress• September 20 - Sammi Hanratty, American actress• September 22 - Juliette Goglia, American actress• November 16 - Noah Gray-Cabey, American actor• December 6 - Joy Gruttmann, German singer• December 24 - Soleil Borda, Iranian actressDeaths• January 1 - Eugene Wigner, Hungarian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)• January 2 - Siad Barre, President of Somalia (b. 1919)• January 2 - Nancy Kelly, American actress (b. 1921)• January 4 - Sol Tax, American anthropologist (b. 1907)• January 7 - Murray Rothbard, American economist (b. 1926)• January 7 - Larry Grayson, British comedian and game show host (b. 1923)• January 9 - Peter Cook, English comedian and writer (b. 1937)• January 18 - Adolf Butenandt, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)• January 18 - Ron Luciano, American baseball umpire (b. 1937)• January 22 - Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, American philanthropist (b. 1890)• January 30 - Gerald Durrell, British naturalist, zookeeper, author, and television presenter (b. 1925)• January 31 - George Abbott, American writer, director, and producer (b. 1887)• February 2 - Fred Perry, English tennis champion (b. 1909)• February 2 - Donald Pleasence, English actor (b. 1919)• February 4 - Patricia Highsmith, American author (b. 1921)• February 5 - Doug McClure, American actor (b. 1935)• February 6 - James Merrill, American poet (b. 1926)• February 9 - David Wayne, American actor (b. 1914)• February 12 - Robert Bolt, English writer (b. 1924)• February 12 - Philip Taylor Kramer, American musician (b. 1952)• February 14 - U Nu, Burmese politician (b. 1907)• February 19 - Sir Nicholas Fairbairn, British politician (b. 1933)• February 19 - John Howard, American actor (b. 1913)• February 22 - Ed Flanders, American actor (b. 1934)• February 23 - Melvin Franklin, American singer (b. 1942)• February 23 - James Herriot, English veterinarian and author (b. 1916)• February 24 - Hideko Maehata, Japanese swimmer (b. 1914)• February 24 - Tatsumi Kumashiro, Japanese film director (b. 1927)• February 26 - Jack Clayton, British film director (b. 1921)• March 1 - Vladislav Nikolayevich Listyev, Russian journalist (b. 1956).• March 3 - Howard W. Hunter, American Mormon leader (b. 1907)• March 5 - Vivian Stanshall, English comedian, writer, artist, broadcaster, and musician (b. 1943)• March 7 - Georges J. F. Köhler, German biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1946)• March 8 - Ingo Schwichtenberg, German drummer (b. 1965)• March 12 - Juanin Clay, American actress (b. 1949)• March 13 - Leon Day, American baseball player (b. 1916)• March 13 - Odette Sansom, French World War II heroine (b. 1912)• March 14 - William Alfred Fowler, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)• March 16 - Albert Hackett, American dramatist and screenwriter (b. 1900)• March 17 - Ronald Kray, British organised crime leader (b. 1933)• March 17 - Rick Aviles, American actor (b. 1952)• March 18 - Robin Jacques, English illustrator (b. 1920)• March 19 - Yasuo Yamada, Japanese voice actor (b. 1932)• March 20 - Sidney Kingsley, American dramatist (b. 1906)• March 20 - John William Minton American Wrestler (Big John Studd) (b. 1948)• March 22 - Peter Woods, British journalist, reporter and newsreader (b. 1930)• March 23 - Davie Cooper, Scottish footballer (b. 1956)• March 26 - Eazy-E, American rapper and record producer (b. 1963)• March 27 - Maurizio Gucci, Italian businessman (b. 1948)• March 28 - Hugh O'Connor, American actor the son of Carroll O'Connor (b. 1962)• March 29 - Tony Lock, English cricketer (b. 1929)• March 31 - Selena Quintanilla Perez, Mexican American singer (b. 1971)• April 2 - Harvey Penick, American golfer (b. 1904)• April 2 - Hannes Alfvén, Swedish chemist, Nobel-prize (b.1908)• April 4 - Kenny Everett, British comedian (b. 1944)• April 4 - Priscilla Lane, American actress (b. 1915)• April 10 - Morarji Desai, Indian politician (b. 1896)• April 14 - Burl Ives, American singer (b. 1909)• April 15 - Harry Shoulberg, American painter and serigrapher (b. 1903)• April 16 - Cy Endfield, American screenwriter (b. 1914)• April 18 - Arturo Frondizi, President of Argentina (b. 1908)• April 20 - Milovan Đilas, Yugoslavian Marxist (b. 1911)• April 23 - Howard Cosell, American sportscaster (b. 1918)• April 24 - Art Fleming, American actor and game show host (b. 1924)• April 25 - Ginger Rogers, American actress and dancer (b. 1911)• April 25 - Alexander Knox, Canadian actor (b. 1907)• April 25 - Andrea Fortunato, Italian football player (b. 1971)• May 2 - Michael Hordern, English actor (b. 1911)• May 5 - Mikhail Botvinnik, Russian chess player (b. 1911)• May 5 - Al Sanders, American news anchorman (b. 1941)• May 6 - Noel Brotherston, Irish footballer (b. 1956)• May 8 - Teresa Teng, Taiwanese singer (b. 1953)• May 12 - Arthur Lubin, American film director (b. 1898)• May 14 - Christian B. Anfinsen, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)• May 15 - Eric Porter, English actor (b. 1928)• May 15 - Woldeab Woldemariam, Eritrean Politician (b. 1905)• May 15 - Ben Bubar, American activist (b. 1917)• May 18 - Elisha Cook Jr., American actor (b. 1903)• May 18 - Alexander Godunov, Russian-born ballet dancer and actor (b. 1949)• May 18 - Elizabeth Montgomery, American actress (b. 1933)• May 24 - Harold Wilson, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1916)• May 26 - Friz Freleng, American animator (b. 1905)• May 27 - Severn Darden, American actor (b. 1929)• May 28 - Irfan Ljubijankic, Bosnian diplomat (b. 1952)• May 30 - Ted Drake, English footballer (b. 1912)• June 7 - Hsuan Hua, Chinese Buddhist master (b. 1918)• June 12 - Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Italian pianist (b. 1920)• June 15 - Charles Bennett, English screenwriter (b. 1899)• June 20 - Emil Cioran, Romanian philosopher and essayist (b. 1911)• June 23 - Jonas Salk, American medical researcher (b. 1914)• June 25 - Warren E. Burger, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1907)• June 26 - Ernest Walton, Irish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)• June 29 - Lana Turner, American actress (b. 1921)• June 30 - Georgi Beregovoi, Russian cosmonaut (b. 1921)• June 30 - Gale Gordon, American actor (b. 1906)• July 1 - Wolfman Jack, American disc jockey (b. 1938)• July 3 - Pancho Gonzales, American tennis champion (b. 1928)• July 4 - Eva Gabor, Hungarian actress (b. 1919)• July 4 - Bob Ross, American television painter (b. 1942)• July 5 - Takeo Fukuda, Japanese politician (b. 1905)• July 16 - Patsy Ruth Miller, American actress (b. 1904)• July 16 - Stephen Spender, English poet and writer (b. 1909)• July 17 - Juan Manuel Fangio, Argentine race car driver (b. 1911)• July 17 - Harry Guardino, American actor (b. 1925)• July 18 - Fabio Casartelli, Italian cyclist (b. 1970)• July 21 - Genevieve Tobin, American actress (b. 1899)• July 24 - Marjorie Cameron, American writer, painter, actress, and occultist (b. 1922)• July 24 - George Rodger, British photojournalist (b. 1908)• July 25 - Charlie Rich, American singer (b. 1932)• July 27 - Miklós Rózsa, Hungarian composer (b. 1907)• July 29 - Philippe De Lacy, American actor (b. 1917)• August 1 - Esther Muir, American actress (b. 1903)• August 3 - Ida Lupino, British actress (b. 1914)• August 3 - Edward Whittemore, American author and Central Intelligence agent (b. 1933)• August 4 - J. Howard Marshall, American billionaire (b. 1905)• August 7 - Brigid Brophy, English author (b. 1929)• August 9 - Jerry Garcia, American guitarist (b. 1942)• August 11 - Phil Harris, American actor (b. 1904)• August 13 - Mickey Mantle, baseball player (b. 1931)• August 15 - John Cameron Swayze, American journalist (b. 1906)• August 17 - Howard Koch, American screenwriter (b. 1901)• August 19 - Pierre Schaeffer, French composer (b. 1910)• August 21 - Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian-born astrophysicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)• August 24 - Gary Crosby, American singer and actor (b. 1933)• August 24 - Alfred Eisenstaedt, German-American photographer (b. 1898)• August 29 - Michael Ende, German author (b. 1929)• August 29 - Frank Perry, American film director (b. 1930)• August 30 - Fischer Black, American economist (b. 1938)• August 30 - Sterling Morrison, American guitarist (b. 1942)• September 11 - Jimmy Ryce, American abducted child (b.1985)• September 12 - Jeremy Brett, English actor (b. 1933)• September 15 - Harry Calder, South African cricketer (b. 1901)• September 15 - Dietrich Hrabak, German World War II flying ace (b. 1914)• September 15 - Gunnar Nordahl, Swedish footballer (b. 1921)• September 17 - Grady Sutton, American actor (b. 1906)• September 19 - Orville Redenbacher, American entrepreneur and businessman (b. 1907)• September 20 - Eileen Chang, Chinese writer (b. 1920)• September 25 - Bessie Delany, American physician and author (b. 1891)• September 25 - Pedro Nolasco, Dominican republican boxer (b. 1963)• October 1 - Margaret Gorman, First Miss America winner (b. 1905)• October 5 - Linda Gary, American voice actress (b. 1944)• October 9 - Alec Douglas-Home, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1903)• October 12 - Johnny Gammage, African American motorist• October 21 - Maxene Andrews, American singer (b. 1916)• October 21 - Jesús Blasco, Spanish comic book author (b. 1919)• October 21 - Shannon Hoon, American singer (b. 1967)• October 22 - Kingsley Amis, English writer (b. 1922)• October 22 - Mary Wickes, American actress (b. 1910)• October 25 - Viveca Lindfors, Swedish actress (b. 1920)• October 25 - Bobby Riggs, American tennis champion (b. 1918)• October 26 - Gorni Kramer, Italian bandleader and songwriter (b. 1913)• October 26 - Wilhelm Freddie, Danish painter (b. 1909)• October 29 - Terry Southern, American screenwriter (b. 1924)• November 4 - Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1922)• November 4 - Gilles Deleuze, French philosopher (b. 1925)• November 4 - Paul Eddington, English actor (b. 1927)• November 7 - Ann Dunham, American anthropologist and mother of Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States (b. 1942)• November 12 - Robert Stephens, British actor (b. 1931)• November 13 - Ralph Blane, American composer (b. 1914)• November 20 - Sergei Grinkov, Russian figure skater (b. 1967)• November 21 - Noel Jones, British diplomat (b. 1940)• November 22 - Elisa Izquierdo, American murder victim (b. 1989)• November 23 - Louis Malle, French film director (b. 1932)• November 24 - Jeffrey Lynn, American actor (b. 1909)• November 30 - Stretch, American rapper and record producer (b. 1972)• December 2 - Roxie Roker, American actress (b. 1929)• December 2 - Robertson Davies, Canadian novelist (b. 1913)• December 3 - Jimmy Jewel, English actor (b. 1909)• December 7 - Kathleen Harrison, British actress (b. 1892)• December 9 - Vivian Blaine, American actress (b. 1921)• December 10 - Darren Robinson, American rapper and actor (b. 1967)• December 16 - Johnny Moss, American poker player (b. 1907)• December 18 - Konrad Zuse, German engineer (b. 1910)• December 20 - Madge Sinclair, Jamaican-American actress (b. 1938)• December 22 - Butterfly McQueen, American actress (b. 1911)• December 22 - James Meade, English economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)• December 23 - Patric Knowles, English actor (b. 1911)• December 25 - Nicolas Slonimsky, Russian-American musicologist (b. 1894)• December 25 - Dean Martin, American actor and singer (b. 1917)• December 30 - Doris Grau, American actress (b. 1924)• December 30 - Heiner Müller, German poet and playwright (b. 1929)

Related questions

Who lead the tariqa movement in Bengal?

Titu Mir

What is Titu's population?

The population of Titu is 12,228.

What is the area of Titu?

The area of Titu is 42.51 square kilometers.

When was Titu Cusi born?

Titu Cusi was born in 1529.

When did Titu Cusi die?

Titu Cusi died in 1571.

When was Titu Maiorescu born?

Titu Maiorescu was born on February 15, 1840.

What is Titu Maiorescu's birthday?

Titu Maiorescu was born on February 15, 1840.

When did Titu Maiorescu die?

Titu Maiorescu died on June 18, 1917 at the age of 77.

How old was Titu Maiorescu at death?

Titu Maiorescu died on June 18, 1917 at the age of 77.

What actors and actresses appeared in Pozdrav Titu - 1951?

The cast of Pozdrav Titu - 1951 includes: Josip Broz Tito as himself

How old is Titu Maiorescu?

Titu Maiorescu was born on February 15, 1840 and died on June 18, 1917. Titu Maiorescu would have been 77 years old at the time of death or 175 years old today.

What actors and actresses appeared in U susret Titu - 1955?

The cast of U susret Titu - 1955 includes: Josip Broz Tito as himself